Speech/Language Impairments (S/L)

Speech/Language Impairments (S/L)

Speech/language impairments fall into four different areas.

  • A fluency disorder means the intrusion or repetition of sounds, syllables, and words; prolongation of sounds; avoidance of words; silent blocks; or inappropriate inhalation, exhalation, or phonation patterns. These patterns also may be accompanied by facial and body movements associated with the effort to speak.
  • A voice disorder is displayed when a student's voice interferes with communication, due to quality, prodigy or health factors.
  • An articulation disorder is the absence of or incorrect production of speech sounds that are developmentally appropriate.
  • A language disorder means a breakdown in communication as characterized by problems in expressing needs, ideas, or information that may be accompanied by problems in understanding.